Assessment of the skeletal maturation through hand wrist radiographies in Afro-Colombian children, from Puerto Tejada, Cauca, 2007

Abstract

Summary: Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine
the skeletal age measurement (stages of skeletal maturity) of African continental ancestry (Afro
Colombians) in boys and girls from 8 to 14 years of Puerto Tejada, Cauca. Material and Methods: this
cross-sectional study examined X-rays of both hands and wrists obtained from 80 boys and girls using
Björks analysis to evaluate the stage of skeletal maturity. Results: 50% of participants were male
gender. 57% of the sample was found with late mixed dentition. According to stage of osseous
maturity, 36.7% of subjects were classified in PP2 (equal width of diaphysis and epiphyses of the
proximal phalanx of index finger); 18.2% in MP3 (diaphysis and epiphyses with the same width of the
second half phalanx of finger). The more maturity stage reached by boys was MP3cap while girls
showed the highest stage of development Ru, which is complete growth. Conclusions: There are
differences in the level of maturation according to the gender and race, observing that the Afro
Colombian girls mature faster than boys. These differences must be considered during diagnosis and
treatment planning in maxillary orthopedic, orthodontics and general medicine. Key words: Age
determination by skeleton. Growth and development. African continental ancestry group,
hand-radiography. Wrist radiography.

Authors

  • Antonio Bedoya Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia.
  • María Salcedo Colegio Odontológico Colombiano. Cali, Colombia.
  • Javier Villavicencio Colegio Odontológico Colombiano. Cali, Colombia.
  • Blanca Acosta Colegio Odontológico Colombiano. Cali, Colombia.

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Author Biographies


, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia.

Docente Postgrado de Odontopediatría y Ortopedia Maxilar.


, Colegio Odontológico Colombiano. Cali, Colombia.

Estudiante de postgrado de Ortodoncia.


, Colegio Odontológico Colombiano. Cali, Colombia.

Estudiante de postgrado de Ortodoncia.


, Colegio Odontológico Colombiano. Cali, Colombia.

Médico epidemióloga, Coordinadora de Investigaciones.

Published
2017-09-28
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How to Cite
Bedoya, A., Salcedo, M., Villavicencio, J., & Acosta, B. (2017). Assessment of the skeletal maturation through hand wrist radiographies in Afro-Colombian children, from Puerto Tejada, Cauca, 2007. Revista Estomatología, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.25100/re.v17i1.5689
Section
Case Report