Main Article Content
Background: Oral health status can have a physical and psychological influence on individuals' lives. It can simultaneously affect the pleasure in life due to interference in oral conditions, speech, chewing, taste and swallowing, in social domains, on the appearance and self-confidence of individuals.
Objective: To verify whether dental prosthetic treatment is able to improve the quality of life and self-esteem of elderly patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Materials and Methods: An interventional study was carried out with 26 patients undergoing hemodialysis in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. Patients were divided into two groups according to treatment completion; with and without treatment. The treatment group received adjustments or made a new dental prosthesis, while the group without treatment received only clinical evaluation and guidance on oral hygiene. Quality of life was assessed using the instrument Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Questionnaire (SF-36) and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in its version 14. For self-esteem, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was used. .
Results: The mean age was 69.08 years (±05.90) and the mean DMFT index was 29.65 (±01.35). There was statistical significance in the emotional aspect dimension of the SF-36 in both groups. The group that received treatment showed significance in the physical disability of the OHIP-14 and improvement in self-esteem.
Conclusion: Dental prosthetic treatment improved the quality of life and impacted the self-esteem of elderly patients undergoing hemodialysis, with the greatest impact on patients who underwent prosthetic treatment.
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