Main Article Content

Objective: to describe the clinical periodontal
status and the subgingival microbiota
composition in a group of 81 women having
preeclampsia.
Methods: clinical, medical and periodontal data
were determined in women with preeclampsia
at the University Hospital of Valle in Cali-Colombia.
Periodontal status and diagnosis were
determined by means of probing depth and
clinical attachment level (Diagnosis Consensus AAP-1999). A sample of subgingival plaque
was taken for microbiological analysis.
Results: 63% of the cases had mild preeclampsia
and 27.2% had severe preeclampsia. The
periodontal status was affected in 91.4% of patients
(n=64); 59.3% (n=48) of them presented
chronic periodontitis and only 8.6% presented
healthy periodontium. Periodontopathic bacteria
was found in preeclamptic women, the most
prevalent microorganisms were Fusobacterium
ssp 80.2% (n=65), P. gingivalis 59.3% (n=48)
and Prevotella intermedia/nigrescens 51.9%
(n=42).
Conclusion: preeclamptic women showed a
high percentage of chronic periodontitis and
presented also periodontopathic microbiota. A
low percentage of pregnant women presented
healthy periodontium.

Sandra Amaya, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia

Estudiante Postgrado de Periodoncia. Escuela de Odontología

Maria Fernanda Bolaños, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia

Estudiante Postgrado de Periodoncia. Escuela de Odontología

Adriana Jaramillo, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia

Profesor Escuela de Odontología.

Jorge Soto, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia

Profesor Escuela de Odontología.

Adolfo Contreras, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia

Profesor Escuela de Odontología.

Amaya, S., Bolaños, M. F., Jaramillo, A., Soto, J., & Contreras, A. (2017). Periodontal state and subgingival microbiota in preeclamptic women. Revista Estomatología, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.25100/re.v13i2.5580
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