Therapeutics of OSAHS (Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) from the Orthopedic and Orthodontic point of view: A literature review

Abstract

Background: OSAHS is a respiratory condition during sleep that constitutes a set of signs and symptoms caused by the configuration of some anatomical structures of the stomatognathic system, leading to serious systemic alterations. In recent years, the dental branches of Orthodontics and Orthopedics have sought to develop effective treatment alternatives to improve the quality of life of these patients.

Objective: To describe and summarize orthopedic / orthodontic therapies for the treatment of patients with obstructive sleep apnea / hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).

Materials and methods: A systematic search was carried out in the Pubmed, Scielo, Semanthic Scholar and Science Direct databases for scientific articles that studied the efficacy of orthodontic / orthopedic treatments in patients with OSAHS. English-language controlled clinical trials studies published in the last 5 years were included.

Results: A total of 83 articles were found, of which only 9 met the eligibility criteria. Within the orthodontic / orthopedic treatment for OSAHS, mandibular advancement device, oral appliance therapy, positional therapy were found; some involve adverse effects in certain patients.

Conclusion: In the orthodontic / orthopedic therapies for the treatment of OSAHS, it was observed that the signs and symptoms improved considerably despite presenting adverse effects.

Authors

  • Christian Yanez Universidad Catolica de Cuenca, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Departamento de Ortodoncia, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8915-6348 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8915-6348
  • Pazmiño Rojas Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Ciencias Básicas, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7665-9723
  • Lucitania Goya Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Departamento de Ortodoncia, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-8766

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Author Biographies


, Universidad Catolica de Cuenca, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Departamento de Ortodoncia, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8915-6348

Universidad Catolica de Cuenca, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Departamento de Ortodoncia, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: 0000-0002-8915-6348 


, Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Ciencias Básicas, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7665-9723

Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Ciencias Básicas, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: 0000-0001-7665-9723  


, Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Departamento de Ortodoncia, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-8766

Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad Piloto de Odontología, Departamento de Ortodoncia, Guayaquil, Ecuador | Orcid: 0000-0001-6086-8766 

Published
2021-11-13
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How to Cite
Yanez, C., Pazmiño, K., & Goya, L. (2021). Therapeutics of OSAHS (Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) from the Orthopedic and Orthodontic point of view: A literature review. Revista Estomatología, 29(2). https://doi.org/10.25100/re.v29i2.11527
Section
Narrative Review